HCHR 30100/HIST 31000  History of Christian Thought I  (W. Otten)  This first course in the History of Christian Thought sequence deals with the post–New Testament period until Augustine, stretching roughly from 150 through 450 CE. The aim of the course is to follow the development of Christian thought by relating its structural features to the historical context in which they arose without adhering to schematic models such as East vs. West, orthodoxy vs. heresy, Alexandrian vs. Antiochene exegesis. The following authors and themes will be analyzed and discussed: martyrdom and the authority of Christian witness: Ignatius of Antioch, Justin Martyr; Platonism and exegesis: Philo and Origen; incarnation and asceticism: Athanasius, Gregory of Nyssa; ecclesial unity and episcopal authority: Cyprian, Ambrose and Chrysostom; projecting historical authority: Eusebius and Jerome; normative belief and gnostic dissent: all about the creeds; ancient thought baptized: Augustine of Hippo.

HMRT 30301/HIST 39304  Human Rights: Contemporary Issues  (S. Gzesh)  This interdisciplinary course presents an overview of several major contemporary human-rights problems as a means to explore the use of human-rights norms and mechanisms. The course addresses the roles of states, intergovernmental bodies, national courts, and civil-society actors, including NGOs, victims and their families, and other non-state actors. Topics are likely to include universalism, enforceability of human-rights norms, the prohibition against torture, US exceptionalism, and the rights of women, racial minorities, and noncitizens.

CLAS 30419/HIST 40400  Empire in the Ancient World  (C. Ando)  Empire was the dominant form of regional state in the ancient Mediterranean. We will investigate the nature of imperial government, strategies of administration, and relations between metropole and regional powers in Persia, Athens, the Seleucid empire, and Rome.

NEHC 30501/HIST 35704  Islamic History and Society 1: The Rise of Islam and the Caliphate  (F. Donner) This sequence surveys the main trends in the political history of the Islamic world, with some attention to economic, social, and intellectual history. This course covers the period circa 600 to 1100, including the rise and spread of Islam, the Islamic empire under the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphs, and the emergence of regional Islamic states from Afghanistan and eastern Iran to North Africa and Spain.

NEHC 30601/HIST 35610  Islamic Thought and Literature I  (T. Qutbuddin)  This sequence explores the thought and literature of the Islamic world from the coming of Islam in the seventh century CE through the development and spread of its civilization in the medieval period and into the modern world. Including historical framework to establish chronology and geography, the course focuses on key aspects of Islamic intellectual history: scripture, law, theology, philosophy, literature, mysticism, political thought, historical writing, and archaeology. In addition to lectures and secondary background readings, students read and discuss samples of key primary texts, with a view to exploring Islamic civilization in the direct voices of the people who participated in creating it. This course covers the period from circa 600 to 950, concentrating on the career of the Prophet Muhammad, Qur‘an and Hadith, the Caliphate, the development of Islamic legal, theological, philosophical, and mystical discourses, sectarian movements, and Arabic literature. All readings are in English translation. No prior background in the subject is required.

NEHC 30605/HIST 36005  Colloquium: Sources for the Study of Islamic History  (J. Woods)  This course is designed to acquaint the student with the basic problems and concepts as well as the sources and methodology for the study of premodern Islamic history. Sources will be read in English translation and the tools acquired will be applied to specific research projects to be submitted as term papers.

NEHC 30852/HIST 58302  The Ottoman World in the Age of Suleyman the Magnificent  (C. Fleischer)  The course focuses on the formation of the Ottoman polity as an imperial entity following the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 up to the end of the sixteenth century. Taking as its thematic center point the ideological, social, cultural, and administrative changes introduced by Sultan Suleyman (1520–1566), the seminar also provides a survey of the institutions of this most extensive of early modern Muslim empires. Themes of particular significance are the changing relationship of religion and state, the development of imperial culture, the rule of law, rivalry with contemporary Christian and Muslim powers, and the transition from universal to regional empire. Reading knowledge of at least one European language recommended. Reading knowledge of Turkish, Arabic, Persian, French, Italian, German, Latin, or Greek desirable but not required.

CHSS 32000/HIST 56800  Colloquium: Introduction to Science Studies  (A. Johns & K Knorr Cetina)  This course explores the interdisciplinary study of science as an enterprise. During the twentieth century, sociologists, historians, philosophers, and anthropologists all raised interesting and consequential questions about the sciences. Taken together their various approaches came to constitute a field, "science studies." The course provides an introduction to this field. Students will not only investigate how the field coalesced and why, but will also apply science-studies perspectives in a fieldwork project focused on a science or science-policy setting. Among the topics we may examine are the sociology of scientific knowledge and its applications, actor-network theories of science, constructivism and the history of science, images of normal and revolutionary science, accounts of research in the commercial university, and the examined links between science and policy.

HIST 32407  Medieval England  (R. Brown)  How merry was "Olde England"? This course is intended as an introduction to the history of England from the withdrawal of the Roman legions in the early fifth century to the defeat of Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in AD 1485. Sources will include chronicles, biographies, laws, charters, spiritual and political treatises, romances and parodies. Themes will include the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity, the Viking and Norman invasions, the development of the monarchy and parliament, monastic, peasant, and town life, the role of literacy and education in the development of a peculiarly "English" society, and the place of devotion, art, and architecture in medieval English culture. Assignments: Students will have the opportunity to do a research paper or craft a project of their choice based on the themes of the course.

HIST 33812  Russia and the West, Eighteenth–Twenty-first Centuries  (E. Gilburd)  There are few problems as enduring and central to Russian history as the question of the West—Russia's most passionate romance and most bitter letdown. In this course we will read and think about Russia from the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries through the lens of this obsession. We will study the products of Russian interactions with the West: constitutional projects, paintings, scientific and economic thought, the Westernizer-Slavophile controversy, and revolutions. We will consider the presence of European communities in Russia: German and British migrants who filled important niches in state service, trade, and scholarship; Italian sculptors and architects who designed some of Russia's most famous monuments; French expatriates in the wake of the French Revolution; Communist workers and intellectuals, refugees from Nazi Germany; and Western journalists who, in the late Soviet decades, trafficked illicit ideas, texts, and artworks. In the end, we will follow émigré Russians to Europe and the United States and return to present-day Russia to examine the anti-Western turn in its political and cultural discourse.

CLAS 34319/HIST 30507  The Idea of Freedom in Antiquity  (A. Horne)  Freedom may be the greatest of American values, but it also has a long history, a dizzying variety of meanings, and a huge literature. This course will introduce the critical thinking on freedom (primarily political freedom) with an emphasis on Greco-Roman texts. The first half of the class will focus on Greek authors, including Herodotus, Euripides, and Aristotle; the second half will focus on Roman authors, from Cicero to Livy to Tacitus. The ancient texts will be supplemented by modern literature on freedom, such as John Stuart Mill and Isaiah Berlin.

HIST 34513  Documentary Chinese  (G. Alitto)  This course guides students through critical readings of primary historical documents from approximately 1800 through 1950. These documents are translated sentence by sentence, and then historiographically analyzed. Most of these documents are from the nineteenth century. Genres include public imperial edicts, secret imperial edicts, secret memorials to the throne from officials, official reports to superiors and from superiors, funereal essays, depositions ("confessions"), local gazetteers (fangzhi), newspapers, and periodicals. To provide an introduction to these genres, the first six weeks of the course will use the Fairbank and Kuhn textbook The Rebellion of Chung Jen-chieh (Harvard-Yanjing Institute). The textbook provides ten different genres of document with vocabulary glosses and grammatical explanations; all documents relate to an 1841–42 rebellion in Hubei province.  Assignments: Each week prior to class students electronically submit a written translation of the document or documents to be read; a day after the class they electronically submit a corrected translation of the document or documents read. A fifteen-page term paper based on original sources in documentary Chinese is also required. A reading knowledge of modern (baihua) Chinese and some familiarity with classical Chinese (wenyan) or Japanese Kanbun. Other students may take the course with permission from the instructor.

LACS 34600/HIST 36101  Introduction to Latin American Civilization I  (E. Kourí)  Taking these courses in sequence is not required. This sequence meets the general education requirement in civilization studies. This sequence is offered every year. This course introduces the history and cultures of Latin America (e.g., Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean Islands). The first quarter examines the origins of civilizations in Latin America with a focus on the political, social, and cultural features of the major pre-Columbian civilizations of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec. The quarter concludes with an analysis of the Spanish and Portuguese conquest and the construction of colonial societies in Latin America.

LACS 35123/HIST 36418  The Mexican Political Essay  (J. Silva-Herzog Márquez, Thinker Visiting Professor)  Alfonso Reyes famously described the essay as a centaur. A hybrid form of expression, part literature and part science. This course introduces students to the rich tradition of the Mexican political essay. Students will discover the value of these open aproximations to history, institutions, culture, and identity. As a literary form, it may ellude the methodological rigours of the social sciences, but it represents a particular perspective to understand change and continuity in Mexican history, to question authority and tradition, and to offer guidelines to action. We will discuss the value of the essay form as opposed to the academic production of political science. The course will consider identity and democracy, the meaning of history and the urgency of action, and the role of intellectuals and the nature of Mexico's contradictions through the imaginative observations of Emilio Rabasa, Luis Cabrera, Jorge Cuesta, Alfonso Reyes, Octavio Paz, Rosario Castellanos, Gabriel Zaid, and other Mexican essayists.

LATN 35200/HIST 33207  Medieval Latin: The Practice of Carolingian Saints' Tales  (M. Allen)  Spoken Lingua Romana rustica departed from canonical ancient Latin long before the late eighth century. But at this time the renewed study of the classics and grammar soon prompted scholars and poets to update the stories of their favorite saints and to inscribe some for the first time. We shall examine examples of ninth-century Carolingian réécriture and of tandem new hagiography in both prose and verse by authors such as Lupus of Ferrières, Marcward of Prüm, Wandalbert of Prüm, Hildegar of Meaux, and Heiric of Auxerre. All source readings in classical Latin adapted to new Carolingian purposes, which we shall also explore historically in their own right.

HIST 35416  History of Technology in America  (M. Rossi)  This course gives students an introduction to the history of technology, with a particular focus on the ways in which arts and manufactures, mechanisms and devices have shaped American culture and experience. Through a selection of readings in the recent historiography of technology in America we will address the various ways in which different groups of Americans and different American institutions have wrestled with questions of landscape and labor, community and identity, and ideology and politics through and with products of technological innovation, among other topics. Assignments: Students will be expected to contribute weekly response papers and to write a final paper (2,000–3,000 words) on a particular technology of their choosing.

GEOG 36100/HIST 38900  Roots of the Modern American City  (M. Conzen)  This course traces the economic, social, and physical development of the city in North America from pre-European times to the mid-twentieth century. We emphasize evolving regional urban systems, the changing spatial organization of people and land use in urban areas, and the developing distinctiveness of American urban landscapes. All-day Illinois field trip required.

HIST 36304  Literature and Society in Brazil  (D. Borges)  This course surveys the relations between literature and society in Brazil, with an emphasis on the institution of the novel in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The nineteenth-century Brazilian novel, like the Russian novel, was an arena in which intellectuals debated, publicized, and perhaps even discovered social questions. We will examine ways in which fiction has been used and misused as a historical document of slavery and the rise of capitalism, of race relations, of patronage and autonomy, and of marriage, sex, and love. We will read works in translation by Manuel Antonio de Almeida, José de Alencar, Machado de Assis, Aluísio de Azevedo, and others. Assignments: Quizzes, class presentations, short papers, and a final paper.

HIST 36500  History of Mexico, 1876–Present  (E. Kourí)  From the Porfiriato and the Revolution to the present, this course is a survey of Mexican society and politics, with emphasis on the connections between economic developments, social justice, and political organization. Topics include fin de siècle modernization and the agrarian problem; causes and consequences of the Revolution of 1910; the making of the modern Mexican state; relations with the United States; industrialism and land reform; urbanization and migration; ethnicity, culture, and nationalism; economic crises, neoliberalism, and social inequality; political reforms and electoral democracy; violence and narco-trafficking; the end of PRI rule; and AMLO's new government. Assignments: Cass presentations, take-home midterm, and final essays.

REES 37300/HIST 34005  The Burden of History: The Nation and Its Lost Paradise  (A. Ilieva)  How and why do national identities provoke the deep emotional attachments that they do? In this course we try to understand these emotional attachments by examining the narrative of loss and redemption through which most nations in the Balkans retell their Ottoman past. We begin by considering the mythic temporality of the Romantic national narrative while focusing on specific national literary texts where the national past is retold through the formula of original wholeness, foreign invasion, passion, and salvation. We then consider the structural role of the different elements of that narrative. With the help of Žižek's theory of the subject as constituted by trauma, we think about the national fixation on the trauma of loss and the role of trauma in the formation of national consciousness. Specific theme inquiries involve the figure of the Janissary as self and other, brotherhood and fratricide, and the writing of the national trauma on the individual physical body. Special attention is given to the general æsthetic of victimhood, the casting of the victimized national self as the object of the "other's perverse desire." With the help of Freud, Žižek, and Kant we consider the transformation of national victimhood into the sublimity of the national self. The main primary texts include Petar Njegoš's Mountain Wreath (Serbia and Montenegro), Ismail Kadare's The Castle (Albania), Anton Donchev's Time of Parting (Bulgaria).

CHDV 37861/HIST 34921  Darwinism and Literature  (D. Maestripieri & R. Richards)  In this course we will explore the notion that literary fiction can contribute to the generation of new knowledge of the human mind, human behavior, and human societies. Some novelists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century provided fictional portrayals of human nature that were grounded in Darwinian theory. These novelists operated within the conceptual framework of the complementarity of science and literature advanced by Goethe and the other Romantics. At a time when novels became highly introspective and psychological, these writers used their literary craftsmanship to explore and illustrate universal aspects of human nature. In this course we read the work of several novelists (George Eliot, H. G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, Jack London, Yevgeny Zamyatin, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Italo Svevo, and Elias Canetti), and discuss how these authors anticipated the discoveries made decades later by cognitive, social, and evolutionary psychology. Assignments: Short papers, a presentation, and a major paper.

RAME 39402/HIST 37116  Race and Religion in America in the Twentieth Century  (C. Evans)  This course examines how religion has been shaped, constructed, and formed in response to and in the context of changing racial realities in America in the Twentieth century. Most of our emphasis will be attuned to the central black/white divide and Christian communities, though you are encouraged to write your final paper on a topic of your choosing that does not fit into any of these categories.

HIST 39530  Introduction to Digital History I  (F. Hillis)  What is digital history and how do we do it? This lab-based experimental class will devote two sessions each week to questions of theory and methodology, considering what digital approaches can offer to the field of history; we will also examine and critique recent work by historians engaging with digital methods. In the third meeting of the week, a mandatory Friday lab session, students will learn the basics of digital mapping, network analysis, text mining, and visualization. (No prior technical knowledge is needed or expected.) By the end of the quarter, students will be asked to reflect on the advantages and limits of digital approaches in the historical field and to develop a proposal for a digital project of their own. Students who wish to see this work to fruition are invited to enroll in "Introduction to Digital History II," which will offer students more advanced technical training and will coach them toward completion of their projects.

HIST 39528 Spatial History: Theory and Practice  (S. Burns)

SALC 40100/HIST 61802  Research Themes in South Asian Studies: Textual Transformations, from Manuscript to Print  (U. Stark)  This graduate course offers an introduction to the theory and practice of book history and print culture, a relatively recent and vibrant field of inquiry within South Asian studies. The course will explore some of the main theoretical approaches, themes, and methodologies of the history of the book in comparative perspective and discuss the specific conditions and challenges facing scholars of South Asian book history. Topics include orality and literacy, technologies of scribal and print production, the sociology of texts, authorship and authority, the print "revolution" and knowledge formation under British colonial rule, the legal existence of books, the economy of the book trade, popular print, readership, and consumption. We will also engage with the text as material artifact and look at the changing contexts, techniques, and practices of book production in the transition from manuscript to print.

RAME 43600/HIST 37118  Religion in Twentieth-Century America  (C. Evans)  This course is the second in a two-part series that examines the historical development of religious traditions in the United States from the Civil War to the late twentieth century. For this course, we begin with the 1920s. We examine a diverse array of religious traditions and issues, but a central theme of the course is the way in which various groups wrestle with how to maintain distinctive religious cultures in the midst of broader social and cultural changes. Among the issues discussed through lectures and the readings are women and gender, race, debates about the public role of religion, the problems and perennial contentions around increasing religious diversity, the quest for "spirituality" apart from religious institutions, and increasing uneasiness over organized religion as a normative source of authority.

HIST 53003  Colloquium: Religion and Politics in Modern Europe, 1740–Present  (J. Boyer & J. Goldstein)  A two-quarter research seminar; the first quarter may be taken separately as a colloquium (register for HIST 53003). The longstanding idea of the progressive secularization of modern society—an idea germinated during the Enlightenment and made more explicit by such nineteenth-century social theorists as Comte, Weber, and Durkheim—no longer commands much assent today, though western Europe seems a better instantiation of it than anywhere else. Starting with an examination of the so-called secularization thesis, this seminar will examine such topics as divergent interpretations of the Enlightenment view of religion; the religious impact of the French Revolution; the shifting patterns of religious practice that evolved during the nineteenth century; the role of religiously based, mass political movements in the crisis of the liberal state in the late nineteenth century; the nineteenth-century transformation of religion into an object of scientific study (philology, sociology of religion); Marian apparitions and miraculous cures in the nineteenth century (Lourdes, Marpingen); Jewish emancipation; the European encounter with Islam; and the opposition to organized religion and the churches offered by the Left and the Right, as part of the larger debate about the extent to which (private) corporate norms and values should be able to influence civic life in the modern liberal or modern authoritarian state.

HIST 54700  Colloquium: European Cultural History, Nineteenth–Twentieth Centuries  (E. Gilburd)  This colloquium surveys key approaches to and topics in European cultural history. We will read "old" and "new" cultural histories; reflect upon cultural history's distinction from, and relationship to, other genres of historical writing; and consider a range of sources historians have used to write about culture. Our topics include power and ritual, everyday life, subjectivity, memory, popular culture and the media, generations and subcultures, cross-cultural interactions, cultural revolutions and culture in revolutionary times.

HIST 58601  Colloquium: Iran and Central Asia I—Safvid Iran  (J. Woods)  The first quarter will take the form of a colloquium on the sources for and the literature on the political, social, economic, technological, and cultural history of Western and Central Asia from approximately 1500 to 1750. Classroom presentations and a short paper are required.

HIST 60302  Colloquium: Immigration and Assimilation in American Life  (R. Gutiérrez)  This course explores the history of immigration in what is now the United States, starting with the colonial origins of Spanish, French, Dutch, and English settlements, the importation of African slaves, and the massive waves of immigrants that arrived in the nineteenth and twentieth century. Additionally, we will study the adaptation of these immigrants, exploring the validity of the concept of assimilation, comparing and contrasting the experiences of the "old" and "new" immigrants based on their race, religion, and class standing.

HIST 69100  Colloquium: The Antillean Plantation Complex  (P. Cheney)  This colloquium will examine the plantation complex as it developed in the Caribbean basin over the long eighteenth century (circa 1650–1825), with an emphasis on the French and British islands. We will pay particular attention to the long-debated role of plantation slavery and the production of tropical commodities in laying the basis for modern forms of capitalist accumulation. We will also consider demographic developments, the ecological impact of the plantation system, creole culture, metropole-colony relations, the role of Enlightenment thought, and gender.

HIST 71301 Seminar I: An Age of Revolutions in an Early Modern Society: Britain from Reformation to Enlightenment  (A. Johns)  This seminar focuses on an early modern society in an age of profound upheaval. During the "long seventeenth century," which ran from the Reformation to the early Enlightenment, the British Isles saw protracted civil conflict, a king put on trial and executed, and (arguably) two political revolutions. In a period distinguished by the lives of figures such as Shakespeare, Milton, Newton, and Locke, major achievements took place in literature, science, and philosophy. Not only did the archipelago coalesce into the one polity of "Great Britain," it also created the origins of a world-spanning empire. We shall explore all these processes by using selected primary and secondary sources. Students will be introduced to key themes and approaches for early modern European history, which they can then apply to the specific periods, places, and subjects that most interest them.

HIST 74605  Seminar: Religion and Politics in Modern Europe, 1740–Present  (J. Boyer & J. Goldstein)  A two-quarter research seminar; the first quarter may be taken separately as a colloquium (register for HIST 53003). The longstanding idea of the progressive secularization of modern society—an idea germinated during the Enlightenment and made more explicit by such nineteenth-century social theorists as Comte, Weber, and Durkheim—no longer commands much assent today, though western Europe seems a better instantiation of it than anywhere else. Starting with an examination of the so-called secularization thesis, this seminar will examine such topics as divergent interpretations of the Enlightenment view of religion; the religious impact of the French Revolution; the shifting patterns of religious practice that evolved during the nineteenth century; the role of religiously based, mass political movements in the crisis of the liberal state in the late nineteenth century; the nineteenth-century transformation of religion into an object of scientific study (philology, sociology of religion); Marian apparitions and miraculous cures in the nineteenth century (Lourdes, Marpingen); Jewish emancipation; the European encounter with Islam; and the opposition to organized religion and the churches offered by the Left and the Right, as part of the larger debate about the extent to which (private) corporate norms and values should be able to influence civic life in the modern liberal or modern authoritarian state.

HIST 77001  Seminar: Modern East Asian History I  (M. Bradley & B. Cumings)  This is a reading and discussion seminar on modern East Asia, meaning China, Korea, and Japan. We will read one book per week and discuss it in class. Students will be expected to prepare an opening five-minute critique of the week's reading to get our discussions going. PhD students will write a seminar paper. MA students will do either a paper that compares and contrasts four or five (good) books on East Asia, or they will write a paper that deals with some particular problem or conundrum that derives from the readings or our seminar discussions; the second option is not a research paper, but one in which a premium is placed on your ability to think through a problem that appears in the reading or comes out of our discussions. That paper is due on the last day of exam week for those MA students taking the seminar for just the autumn term. In the winter quarter students will present their papers for discussion with the class.

HIST 79101  Seminar: Topics in Latin American History I  (D. Borges)  This two-quarter research seminar is devoted to the craft of reading and writing Latin American history. Specific topics will shift from year to year, depending on the instructor. This seminar can be taken either as a two-quarter seminar sequence, which culminates in a winter-quarter research paper, or as a autumn-quarter colloquium.

HIST 83000  Seminar: Radical America I  (J. Dailey)  This seminar explores various sorts of radicalisms (religious, political, sexual, environmental) from the eighteenth century to the present. During the autumn quarter, students will write reaction papers and narrow the focus for the main work of the seminar, which is a work of original research that is due at the end of winter quarter. Non-History MA/PhD students should submit a writing sample to dailey@uchicago.edu by Wed, 9/25/18, to be considered for admission.

HIST 85700  Seminar: Mobilities and Migration in Global History I  (E. Osborn & T. Zahra)  This two-quarter graduate seminar will focus on the history of mobility and migration in a global context. Topics and themes will include the slave trade; migration and material culture; gender, sexuality, and the family; technology and cultural transfer; labor migration; border control and migration restriction; war and forced displacement; refugee regimes and humanitarianism. In the first quarter, we will also discuss research methods, and PhD students will focus on producing a proposal for the seminar paper that they will write in the second quarter. The first quarter may be taken alone as a colloquium, in which case two historiographic essays will be required.