NEHC 30502/HIST 35804  Islamic History and Society II: The Middle Period  (J. Wood)  This sequence surveys the main trends in the political history of the Islamic world, with some attention to economic, social, and intellectual history. This course covers the period from ca. 1000 to 1750, including the arrival of the steppe peoples (Turks and Mongols), the Mongol successor states, and the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria. We also study the foundation of the great Islamic regional empires of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Moghuls.

NEHC 30602/HIST 35615  Islamic Thought and Literature II  (F. Lewis)  This sequence explores the thought and literature of the Islamic world from the coming of Islam in the seventh century CE through the development and spread of its civilization in the medieval period and into the modern world. Including historical framework to establish chronology and geography, the course focuses on key aspects of Islamic intellectual history: scripture, law, theology, philosophy, literature, mysticism, political thought, historical writing, and archaeology. In addition to lectures and secondary background readings, students read and discuss samples of key primary texts, with a view to exploring Islamic civilization in the direct voices of the people who participated in creating it. This course covers the period from circa 950 to 1700, surveying works of literature, theology, philosophy, sufism, politics, history, etc., written in Arabic, Persian and Turkish, as well as the art, architecture, and music of the Islamicate traditions. Through primary texts, secondary sources, and lectures, we will trace the cultural, social, religious, political, and institutional evolution through the period of the Fatimids, the Crusades, the Mongol invasions, and the "gunpowder empires" (Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals). All readings are in English translation. No prior background in the subject is required.

HIST 30803  Aristophanes's Athens (J. Hall)  The comedies of Aristophanes are as uproarious, biting, and ribald today as they were more than 2,400 years ago. But they also offer a unique window onto the societal norms, expectations, and concerns as well as the more mundane experiences of Athenians in the fifth century BCE. This course will examine closely all eleven of Aristophanes's extant plays (in translation) in order to address topics such as the performative, ritual, and political contexts of Attic comedy, the constituency of audiences, the relationship of comedy to satire, the use of dramatic stereotypes, freedom of speech, and the limits of dissent. Please note that this course is rated Mature for adult themes and language.

NEHC 30837/HIST 35702  Early Turkish Republic  (A. Shissler)  This course examines the development of the Turkish state following WWI and considers questions of economy, institutions, and identity formation.

NEHC 30840/HIST 35901  Radical Islamic Pieties, 1200–1600  (C. Fleischer)  Course examines responses to the Mongol destruction of the Abbasid caliphate in 1258 and the background to formation of regional Muslim empires. Topics include the opening of confessional boundaries; Ibn Arabi, Ibn Taymiyya, and Ibn Khaldun; the development of alternative spiritualities, mysticism, and messianism in the fifteenth century; transconfessionalism, antinomianism, and the articulation of sacral sovereignties in the sixteenth century. Readings will be in English, though some acquaintance with primary languages (Arabic, French, German, Greek, Latin, Spanish, or Turkish) is desirable.

NEHC 30853/HIST 58303  The Ottoman World in the Age of Suleyman the Magnificent  (C. Fleischer)  In the second quarter we focus on research topics for students writing research paper.

LACS 34700/HIST 36102  Introduction to Latin American Civilization II  (D. Borges)  Taking these courses in sequence is not required. This sequence meets the general education requirement in civilization studies. This sequence is offered every year. This course introduces the history and cultures of Latin America (e.g., Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean Islands). The second quarter addresses the evolution of colonial societies, the wars of independence, and the emergence of Latin American nation-states in the changing international context of the nineteenth century.

HIST 35014  Introduction to Environmental History  (F. Albritton Jonsson)  How have humans interacted with the environment over time? This course introduces students to the methods and topics of environmental history by way of classic and recent works in the field: Crosby, Cronon, Worster, Russell, and McNeill, etc. Major topics of investigation include preservationism, ecological imperialism, evolutionary history, forest conservation, organic and industrial agriculture, labor history, the commons and land reform, energy consumption, and climate change. Our scope covers the whole period from 1492 with case studies from European, American, and British imperial history.

HIST 35110  Philosophy of History: Narrative and Explanation  (R. Richards)  This lecture-discussion course will focus on the nature of historical explanation and the role of narrative in providing an understanding of historical events.  Among the authors discussed are Edward Gibbon, Immanuel Kant, R. G. Collingwood, Leopold von Ranke, Lord Acton, Fernand Braudel, Carl Gustav Hempel, Arthur Danto, and Hayden White.

HIST 35300  American Revolution, 1763–1789  (E. Cook Jr.)  This lecture and discussion course explores the background of the American Revolution and the problem of organizing a new nation. The first half of the course uses the theory of revolutionary stages to organize a framework for the events of the 1760s and 1770s, and the second half of the course examines the period of constitution making (1776–1789) for evidence on the ways in which the Revolution was truly revolutionary.

CLCV 36017/HIST 30308  Gods and God in Imperial Asia Minor, 1–300 CE  (A. Bresson)  Roman Asia Minor in the Imperial period provides an extraordinary case of religious plurality and creativity. Pagans, Jews, and Christians, even already Christian heretics, interacted in the same space. The frontiers between Jewish and Christian communities were, at least at the beginning, more fluid than was long thought. But even the frontiers between paganism and Judaism or Christianity were certainly not as rigid as was later imagined. This does not mean, however, that there were no tensions between the various groups. This class will examine the various aspects of this religious diversity as well as the social and political factors that may explain the religious equilibrium prevailing at that time in Asia Minor. Assignments: Two papers, two quizzes.

LACS 26382/HIST 26317  Development and the Environment in Latin America  (D. Schwartz Francisco)  This course examines the relationship between development and the environment by focusing on the Western Hemisphere and Latin America in particular. The region is an ideal case study for four reasons: 1) its centrality to the history of natural science, 2) its role as a laboratory for policies to tame nature and produce export commodities, 3) its ecological and cultural diversity, and 4) its location at the center of social thought about the relationship between economic development and nature. We will study the historical relationships between development, natural resources, and society in Latin America from the onset of European colonialism in the fifteenth century to state- and private-led improvement policies in the twentieth. We will consider how policies have affected the sustainability of land use in the last five centuries; how the modern push for development shifted ideas and practices of sustainability in both environmental and social terms; and the historical relationship between humans and their environment in Latin America. We will consider primary and secondary sources from pre-Columbian times to the late-twentieth century, spanning the territories of the mainland as well the Caribbean islands. Assignments: weeking responses to readings, map analysis paper, primary-source analysis paper, and one of three final options: a take-home exam, an essay, or a research project proposal.

HIST 36409  Revolution, Dictatorship, and Violence in Modern Latin America  (B. Fischer)  This course will examine the role played by Marxist revolutions, revolutionary movements, and the right-wing dictatorships that have opposed them in shaping Latin American societies and political cultures since the end of World War II. Themes examined will include the relationship among Marxism, revolution, and nation building; the importance of charismatic leaders and icons; the popular authenticity and social content of Latin American revolutions; the role of foreign influences and interventions; the links between revolution and dictatorship; and the lasting legacies of political violence and military rule. Countries examined will include Guatemala, Cuba, Chile, Argentina, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela, Bolivia, and Mexico.

HIST 36511  Cities from Scratch: The History of Urban Latin America  (B. Fischer)  Latin America is one of the world's most urbanized regions, and its urban heritage long predates European conquest. And yet the region's cities are most often understood through the lens of North Atlantic visions of urbanity, many of which fit poorly with Latin America's historical trajectory, and most of which have significantly distorted both Latin American urbanism and our understandings of it. This course takes this paradox as the starting point for an interdisciplinary exploration of the history of Latin American cities in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, focusing especially on issues of social inequality, informality, urban governance, race, violence, rights to the city, and urban cultural expression. Readings will be interdisciplinary, including anthropology, sociology, history, fiction, film, photography, and primary historical texts.

SCTH 37106/HIST 42102  Race and Religion: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam  (D. Nirenberg)  What does race have to do with religion? This course will explore how racial concepts—ideas about the transmission of characteristics through blood and lineage—emerged in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, often in response to episodes of large-scale conversion. The word "race" was itself first applied to humans in response to one of these episodes: the mass conversions of Jews and Muslims to Christianity in late medieval Spain. We will study this and other episodes, beginning with early Christianity and early Islam and concluding with conversions to Islam in South Asia and of enslaved Africans and native peoples to Christianity in the New World, in order to ask how these episodes of conversion influenced the mapping of culture (religion) onto reproduction (nature, biology). Did they effect the racialization of religion? And what influence did these mappings have on racial concepts in modernity?

HIST 37200  African American History to 1883  (T. Holt)  A lecture course discussing selected topics in the African American experience (economic, political, social) from African origins through the Supreme Court decision invalidating Reconstruction Era protections of African American civil rights. Course evaluations via online quizzes and take-home essays.

HIST 37705  Introduction to Black Chicago, 1893–2010  (A. Green)  This course surveys the history of African Americans in Chicago, from before the twentieth century to the near present. In referring to that history, we treat a variety of themes, including migration and its impact, the origins and effects of class stratification, the relation of culture and cultural endeavor to collective consciousness, the rise of institutionalized religions, facts and fictions of political empowerment, and the correspondence of Black lives and living to indices of city wellness (services, schools, safety, general civic feeling). This is a history class that situates itself within a robust interdisciplinary conversation. Students can expect to engage works of autobiography and poetry, sociology, documentary photography, and political science as well as more straightforward historical analysis. By the end of the class, students should have grounding in Black Chicago's history and an appreciation of how this history outlines and anticipates Black life and racial politics in the modern United States.

HIST 38703  Baseball and American Culture, 1840–Present  (M. Briones)  This course examines the rise and fall of baseball as America's national pastime. We will trace the relationship between baseball and American society from the development of the game in the mid-nineteenth century to its enormous popularity in the first half of the twentieth century to its more recent problems and declining status in our culture. The focus will be on baseball as a professional sport, with more attention devoted to the early history of the game rather than to the recent era. Emphasis will be on using baseball as a historical lens through which we will analyze the development of American society and culture rather than on the celebration of individuals or teams. Crucial elements of racialization, ethnicity, class, gender, nationalism, and masculinity will be in play as we consider the Negro Leagues, women's leagues, the Latinization and globalization of the game, and more.

REES 39023/HIST 33609  Returning the Gaze: The West and the Rest  (A. Ilieva)  This course investigates identity dynamics between the "West," as the center of economic power and self-proclaimed normative humanity, and the "Rest," as the poor, backward, volatile periphery. We will focus on self-representational strategies in our case study of Southeastern Europe and Russia. Two discourse on identity will help us understand strategies of self-representation: the Lacanian concepts of symbolic and imaginary identification and various readings of the Hegelian recognition by the other in the East European context. Identifying symbolically with a site of normative humanity outside oneself places the self in a precarious position. The responses are varied but acutely felt: self-consciousness, defiance, and arrogance; self-exoticization and self-mythicization, and self-abjection—all of which can be viewed as forms of a quest for dignity. We will also consider how these responses have been incorporated in the texture of the national, gender, and social identities in European and other peripheries. We will read Fyodor Dostoevsky, Orhan Pamuk, Ivo Andrić, Nikos Kazantzakis, Aleko Konstantinov, Emir Kusturica, Milcho Manchevski.

HIST 39422  Ancient Stones in Modern Hands  (A. Goff and S. Estrin)  Objects from classical antiquity that have survived into the modern era have enticed, inspired, and haunted those who encountered or possessed them. Collectors, in turn, have charged ancient objects with emotional, spiritual, and temporal power, enrolling them in all aspects of their lives, from questions of politics and religion to those of race and sexuality. This course explores intimate histories of private ownership of antiquities as they appear within literature, visual art, theater, aesthetics, and collecting practices. Focusing on the sensorial, material, and affective dimensions of collecting, we will survey histories of modern classicism that span from the eighteenth century to the present, from the Mediterranean to the Pacific. Historical sources will include the writings of Johann Gottfried Herder, Johann Joachim Winckelmann, Emma Hamilton, Vernon Lee, and Sigmund Freud, among others; secondary source scholarship will draw from the fields of gender studies, the history of race, art history, and the history of emotions. We will supplement our readings with occasional museum visits and film screenings. Assignments: Active participation in class, one secondary text analysis, one analysis of a controversy, and one proposal for a monument, museum, or school curriculum. Special prerequisite: instructor consent required. Email both instructors describing your interest in the course, how it fits into your broader studies, and any relevant background (agoff@uchicago.edu & sestrin@uchicago.edu). This is a traveling seminar that includes a 4-day trip to visit California museum collections.

HIST 39531  Introduction to Digital History II  (F. Hillis)  This course focuses on advanced research design and methods in digital history for students who have completed "Introduction to Digital History I." The course will culminate in a public exhibition of student projects.

ANTH 41200/HIST 44901  Anthropology of History  (S. Plamié)  Anthropologists have long been concerned with the temporal dimension of human culture and sociality but, until fairly recently (and with significant exceptions), have rarely gone beyond processual modeling. This has dramatically changed. Anthropologists have played a prominent role in the so-called "historic turn in the social sciences," acknowledging and theorizing the historical subjectivities and historical agency of the ethnographic "other," but also problematizing the historicity of the ethnographic endeavor itself. The last decades have seen a proliferation of empirically rich and theoretically sophisticated historical ethnographies and a decisive move towards ethnographies of the historical imagination. Taking its point of departure from a concise introduction to the genealogy of the trope of "historicity" in anthropological discourse, this course aims to explore the possibilities of an anthropology of historical consciousness, discourse and praxis, i.e., the ways in which human groups select, represent, give meaning to, and strategically manipulate constructions of the past. In this, our discussion will not just focus on non-Western forms of historical knowledge, but include the analysis of Western disciplined historiography as a culturally and historically specific form of promulgating conceptions of the past and its relation to the present.

RAMA 43302/HIST 37117  Becoming Modern: Religion in America in the 1920s  (C. Evans)  Terms such as "acids of modernity" and the "modern temper" were commonly used in the 1920s to describe a new phenomenon in American history. Historians still regard the 1920s as a significant moment in US religious history, even while revising older narratives that viewed such changes as leading to a decline in church attendance and religious practice. In the 1920s, the nation struggled with the effects of massive immigration, decades of urbanization, and significant cultural and social changes that had profound implications for religious practice and belief. This course takes an extended look at the 1925 Scopes Trial, the fundamentalist modernist controversy, and the intellectual and cultural challenges to traditional religious beliefs and practices. Some attention is devoted to increasing religious and cultural diversity as a challenge to Protestant dominance.

HCHR 45570/HIST 42303  Three Medieval Women: Fate and Voice in Heloise, Hildegard, and Hadewijch  (W. Otten)  The current interest in the theological voice of medieval women is largely concentrated on the contribution of the beguines, their thought often uncovered with the aid of contemporary philosophy. What we learn from beguine scholarship also reflects back on the contribution of earlier medieval women, which may affect our view of them, even as how we read these earlier texts can likewise aid us in how we contextualize and think about the beguines. This course focuses on the fate of three medieval women in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries: Heloise, Hildegard of Bingen, and Hadewijch of Brabant. The attempt to listen to their voice allows us to develop a new and richer perspective on the purpose of the ascetic life, the goal of exegesis, and the power of poetry.

HIST 47200  Early Modern North America  (M. Kruer)  This course focuses on the complex, contested, and often violent world of North America in the early modern period from the early sixteenth through late eighteenth century. Although in the past "early America" has sometimes been synonymous with the thirteen colonies that eventually formed the United States, this class will stress the multicultural, multi-imperial, and multipolar nature of early North America, and the many connections between the continent and the rest of the early modern world.

HIST 48000  Colloquium: The Age of Keynes  (J. Issac & J. Levy)  This class uses the writings of John Maynard Keynes as a window into twentieth-century economic thinking and governance. Topics include Keynes's monetary economics in the aftermath of WWI; the General Theory in the context of the Great Depression; the construction of the post-WWII international economic order; the consolidation of Keynesian macroeconomics and the fate of social democracy.

HIST 58602  Colloquium: Iran and Central Asia II—Safvid Iran  (J. Woods)  The second quarter will be devoted to the preparation of a major research paper.

HIST 67300  Colloquium: Governance through Debt  (D. Jenkins)  This course explores how government debt, whether that repudiated during Reconstruction, used to finance municipal infrastructure, or issued by the World Bank to stimulate development across the globe, shaped matters of governance, sovereignty, and inequality. Readings consist of some theory, a handful of primary sources, and mostly secondary readings that cut across chronological, geographical, and political boundaries.

HIST 69300  Colloquium: Native Americans and Imperial State Formation  (M. Kruer)  This colloquium examines the relationship between European empires and indigenous peoples of the Americas in the early modern Atlantic world. It aims to connect two major trends in historiographies that do not often intersect: on the one hand, the composite structure of empire and the realities of colonial rule that rely on negotiation between imperial authorities and colonists on the periphery; on the other hand, the resilience and power of Native polities in the face of intrusive settlement, commercial penetration, and the pretensions of European sovereignty. This course spans North and South America, as well as the Caribbean, from the early sixteenth to the late-nineteenth centuries. It encompasses Iberian, French, British, United States, and Mexican imperial zones, though the dominant focus is British America and the United States. The goal is to explore the ways that Euro-American and Native political systems engage in ongoing processes of mutual influence, with an emphasis on the ways that indigenous power shapes the rise and fall of early modern empires and the consolidation of modern nation-states.

HIST 71302  Seminar II: An Age of Revolutions in an Early Modern Society: Britain from Reformation to Enlightenment  (A. Johns)  Graduate students write a history seminar paper in winter quarter.

HIST 74606  Seminar: Religion, Society, and Politics in Modern Europe, 1740–Present  (J. Boyer & J. Goldstein)  Students write the seminar paper in the winter quarter.

HIST 77002  Seminar: Modern East Asian History II  (M. Bradley & B. Cumings)  In the winter quarter students will present their seminar papers for discussion with the class.

HIST 79102  Seminar: Topics in Latin American History II  (D. Borges)  The second quarter is mainly for graduate students writing a History seminar paper.

HIST 83001  Seminar: Radical America II  (J. Dailey)  Graduate students write a history seminar paper in winter quarter.

HIST 85701  Seminar: Mobilities and Migration in Global History II  (T. Zahra)  Students will write seminar papers, meeting to discuss proposals and drafts.

LAWS 90203/HIST 47301  The Interbellum Constitution  (A. LaCroix)  This seminar examines the legal and intellectual history of debates concerning American constitutional law and politics between the Revolution and the Civil War, approximately 1800 to 1860. Topics to be discussed include internal improvements, the market revolution, federal regulation of slavery in the territories, the role of the federal courts, and the development of a national culture.