British imperial history; ideological history of the British Empire; colonial legal history; modern Europe; modern European contact with Islam; frontiers, borders, and boundaries; colonialism in South Asia; Pakistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
Usama Rafi is a PhD student who works on the international history of the British Empire along the Pakistani-Afghan border in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan and the Middle East. Specifically, his research focuses on British colonial governance through legal and surveillance policies such as the Frontier Crimes Regulation of 1901. Usama received his AB with honors in politics and economics from the Lahore University of Management Sciences in Pakistan in 2014. He previously worked as an international development consultant on legal reform in Pakistan.