Professor of Russian History and the College
Faculty Board, Greenberg Center for Jewish Studies
Faculty Board, Center for East European and Russian/Eurasian Studies
Faculty Board, Digital Studies
Associate Faculty, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures
PhD'09 Yale University
On Research Leave: 2022-23
The University of Chicago
Department of History
1126 E. 59th Street, Mailbox 42
Chicago, IL 60637
Social Science Research Building, room 508 – Office
(773) 702-5601 - Office telephone
(773) 702-7550 - Fax
Modern Russia; Modern Europe; intellectual history; urban history; nationalism, empires, and imperialism; political culture; migration and mobility; Jewish history; transnational and international history; digital history and cartography
I am an historian of modern Russia, with a special interest in nineteenth- and twentieth-century politics, culture, and ideas. My work explores how Russia's peculiar political institutions—and its status as a multiethnic empire—shaped public opinion and political cultures. It also interrogates Russia's relationship with the outside world, asking where the Russian experience belongs in the broader context of European and global history. In addition, I am interested in the theory and practice of the digital humanities.
My most recent book, Utopia’s Discontents: Russian Exiles and the Quest for Freedom, 1830–1930, was published by Oxford University Press in 2021. The book provides the first synthetic account of Europe's "Russian colonies"—boisterous and politically fractious communities formed by exiles from the Russian empire that emerged across the continent in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The book treats the "Russian colonies" as utopian communities in which radical activists worked to transform social relations and individual behavior, and it explores how these unique spaces influenced Russian political imaginaries as well as the culture of their host societies. Ultimately, the project offers a bold reassessment of Russia's relationship with Europe, the origins of the Russian revolution, and the creation of the Bolshevik regime.
My first book, Children of Rus’: Right-Bank Ukraine and the Invention of a Russian Nation, was published by Cornell University Press in 2013 and released in paperback in 2017. Children of Rus' argues that it was on the extreme periphery of the tsarist empire—a region that today is located at the very center of the independent nation of Ukraine—that Russian nationalism first took shape and assumed its most potent form. The book reconstructs how nineteenth-century provincial intellectuals came to see local folk customs as the purest manifestation of an ancient nation that unified all the Orthodox East Slavs, and how they successfully propagated their ideas across the empire through lobbying and mass political mobilization. In addition, it reconceptualizes state-society relations under tsarism, showing how residents of a diverse and contested peripheral region managed to shape political ideas and identities across Russia—and even beyond its borders. Children of Rus' was named a Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2013.
My current research is enriched by technology, and I am interested in thinking through how historians can use digital tools to open new avenues for exploration and to communicate their findings to other scholars and the general public. I am particularly interested in using geo-spatial analysis to analyze flows of people, ideas, and commodities over time and across space. For examples of my (ongoing) work in digital cartography, see my Utopia's Discontents website in development and my study of émigré publications.
I have held research fellowships at Columbia, Harvard, and the Cullman Center for Scholars and Writers at the New York Public Library. My research has been funded by ACLS, IREX, Fulbright-Hays, and the NEH.
"'The Franco-Russian Marseillaise': International Exchange and the Making of Anti-Liberal Politics in Fin-de-Siècle France." Journal of Modern History 89, no. 1 (Mar. 2017): 39–78.
"Children of Rus’: Nationalist Imaginations in Right-Bank Ukraine." In The Future of the Past: New Perspectives in Ukrainian History, edited by Serhii Plokhy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016.
"Making and Breaking the Russian Empire: The Case of Kiev’s Shul’gin Family." In Imperiale Biographien: Elitekarrieren im Habsburger, Russischen und Osmanischen Vielvölkerreich (1850–1918), edited by Malte Rolf and Tim Buchen, 178–98. Munich: Oldenbourg-Verlag, 2015.
"Intimacy and Antipathy: Russian-Ukrainian Relations in Historical Perspective." Kritika 16, no. 1 (Win. 2015): 121–28.
Children of Rus': Right-Bank Ukraine and the Invention of a Russian Nation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2013.
"Modernist Visions and Political Conflict in Late Imperial Kiev." In Races to Modernity: Metropolitan Aspirations in Eastern Europe, 1890–1940, edited by Jan C. Behrends and Martin Kolrausch. New York: Central European Press, 2014.
"Ukrainophile Activism and Imperial Governance in Russia's Southwestern Borderlands." Kritika 13, no. 2 (Spr. 2012): 301–26.
"Migration, Mobility, and Political Conflict in Late Imperial Kiev." In Russia on the Move: Essays on the Politics, Society and Culture of Human Mobility, 1850–Present, edited by John Randolph and Eugene Avrutin. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, Studies of World Migrations Series, 2011.
—Writes op-ed on seizing Russian oligarchs' wealth for The Atlantic
—Interviewed for Meduza on Putin's presentation of Ukrainian and Soviet history
—Quoted in USA Today article on how historians see the invasion of Ukraine
—Quoted in Politifact on the history of Russian imperialism
—Interviewed for The World on the entangled histories of Russia and Ukraine
—Writes op-ed on immigration for The Washington Post
—Quoted in Chicago Tribune article on the meaning of "concentration camp"
—Named a 2018–19 Cullman Center Fellow at the New York Public Library
—Review of AHA session on "History and Historians in the Ukraine Crisis" by Sarah Fenton
—Quoted in National Geographic article on Ukrainian-Russian conflict
—Review of Children of Rus' by the Moscow Times