Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor of History and the College

Senior Advisor to the President of the University

PhD'75 University of Chicago

Mailing Address

The University of Chicago
Department of History
1126 E. 59th Street, Mailbox 122
Chicago, IL 60637

Edward Levi Hall
Room 511
Office telephone: 773-702-3366


Field Specialties

Nineteenth- and twentieth-century European political and cultural history, particularly in Germany and the Habsburg Empire; religion and politics in modern European history; the history of the universities


My research and teaching focus on the history of modern Europe, especially on the states, the peoples, and the societies of Central Europe since 1700. My special teaching interests are German history from 1740 to 1918; the history of the Hapsburg Empire between 1648 and 1918, and the history of Austria from 1918 to the present; religion and politics in modern European history; and the history of European and American universities in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

In recent years my work has dealt with the history of the University and with the history of the Habsburg Empire and Republican Austria.  I published The University of Chicago: A History (University of Chicago Press, 2015), and I have recently completed the Austria, 1867–1955 volume for the Oxford History of Modern Europe series, published by Oxford University Press in late 2022. 

I am now working on a history of Religion and Politics in Modern European History from 1789 to 1960 for Princeton University Press. 

With Jan E. Goldstein and Fredrik Albritton Jonsson, I am also an editor of The Journal of Modern History.

Books and Essays on Central European History and Modern European History

Austria, 1867-1955Oxford History of Modern Europe Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022.

Karl Lueger (1844–1910). Christlichsoziale Politik als Beruf. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2009.

Culture and Political Crisis in Vienna: Christian Socialism in Power, 1897–1918. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Political Radicalism in Late Imperial Vienna: Origins of the Christian Social Movement, 1848–1897. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.

Coeditor (with Jan E. Goldstein). Nineteenth-Century Europe: Liberalism and Its Critics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Coeditor (with Jan E. Goldstein). Twentieth-Century Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.


"Die Gründung der Republik (1918)." In 100 Jahre Republik: Meilensteine und Wendepunkte 1918–1920. Edited by Andreas Huber. Vienna, 2020.

"From an Absolutist to a Constitutional State: The Political System." In Franz Joseph 1830–1916. Edited by Karl Vocelka and Martin Mutschlechner, 34–37. Vienna: Brandstätter, 2016.

"Badeni and the Revolution of 1897." In Bananen, Cola, Zeitgeschichte: Oliver Rathkolb und das lange 20. Jahrhundert. Edited by Lucile Dreidemy et al. 2 vols. Vienna: Böhlau, 2015. Vol. 1, 69–84.

"Power, Partisanship, and the Grid of Democratic Politics: 1907 as the Pivot Point of Modern Austrian History." Austrian History Yearbook 44 (2013): 148–74.

"Richard Schmitz and the Tradition of Imperial Catholic Politics in Austria 1907–1934." Demokratie und Geschichte. Jahrbuch des Karl von Vogelsang-Institutes 13/14 (2009/2010): 95–134.

"The 'Collectivism of Democracy': Mass Politics in Vienna and Chicago, 1890–1918." Jahrbuch des Vereins für Geschichte der Stadt Wien 62/63 (2006/2007): 9–49.

"Tradition und Wandel—Die Christlich Soziale Partei am Vorabend des Ersten Weltkrieges." Demokratie und Geschichte. Jahrbuch des Karl von Vogelsang-Institutes 9/10 (2005/2006): 73–99.

"Political Catholicism in Austria, 1880-1960." Contemporary Austrian Studies 13 (2004): 6–36.

"Silent War and Bitter Peace: The Austrian Revolution of 1918." Austrian History Yearbook 34 (2003): 1–56.

"Wiener Konservatismus vom Reich zur Republik: Ignaz Seipel und die österreichische Politik." In Konservative Profile: Ideen und Praxis in der Politik zwischen FM Radetzky, Karl Kraus und Alois Mock. Edited by Ulrich E. Zellenberg, 341–361. Graz: Ares, 2003.

"Catholics, Christians, and the Challenges of Democracy: The Heritage of the Nineteenth Century." In Christdemokratie in Europa im 20. Jahrhundert. Edited by Michael Gehler, Wolfram Kaiser, and Helmut Wohnout, 23–59. Vienna: Böhlau, 2001.

"Religion and Political Development in Central Europe around 1900: A View from Vienna." Austrian History 
Yearbook 25 (1994): 13–57.

"Christian Socialism under the Empire. Some Reflections." In Geschichte Zwischen Freiheit und Ordnung, 57–74. Graz: Styria, 1991.

"Some Reflections on the Problem of Austria, Germany, and Mitteleuropa." Central European History 22 (1989): 

"Austrian Catholics and the World: Facing Political Turmoil in the Early Twentieth Century." In The Mirror of History, 315–352. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1988.

Austria in the 1980s: Heritage of the Past, Contours of the Future. Washington, DC: Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, 1987.

"The End of an Old Regime: Visions of Political Reform in Late Imperial Austria." Journal of Modern History 58 (1986): 159–93.

"Karl Lueger and the Viennese Jews." Yearbook: The Leo Baeck Institute 26 (1981): 125–44.

"Veränderungen im politischen Leben Wiens: Die Grossstadt Wien, der Radikalismus der Beamten und die Wahlen von 1891." Jahrbuchdes Vereins für Geschichte der Stadt Wien 36/37 (1980/1981): 95–172/117–76.

"Freud, Marriage and Late Viennese Liberalism: A Commentary from 1905." Journal of Modern History 50 (1978): 72–102.

"A. J. P. Taylor and the Art of Modern History." Journal of Modern History 49 (1977): 40–72.

On the History of the University of Chicago

The University of Chicago: A History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015. 

The following papers are published in the College's Occasional Papers on Higher Education Series. 

Volume XXVI. Insider Visions of the University: Thorstein Veblen, William Benton and John Benton on the Identity of the University of Chicago – October 26, 2021

Volume XXV. Charles H. Judd, an Empire of Testing, and the 'Science of Education' – October 29, 2019

Volume XXIV. ‘The Universities and the Promise of American Life – October 24, 2017 

Volume XXIII. ‘Higher Education in America and Europe Around 1900’: Some Perspectives on Our Shared History and Its Relevance For Our Time – October 18, 2016

Volume XXII. ‘A Hell of a Job Getting it Squared Around’: Three Presidents in Times of Fundamental Change: Ernest D. Burton, Lawrence A. Kimpton, and Edward H. Levi – October 30, 2012

Volume XXI. ‘Teaching at a University of a Certain Sort’: Education at the University of Chicago Over the Past Century – October 18, 2011

Volume XX. ‘Not as a Thing for the Moment, but for All Time’: The University of Chicago and Its Histories – October 19, 2010

Volume XIX. ‘A Noble and Symmetrical Conception of Life’: The Arts at Chicago on the Edge of a New Century – October 27, 2009

Volume XVIII. ‘The Kind of University That We Desire to Become’: Student Housing and the Educational Mission of the University of Chicago – October 28, 2008

Volume XVII. ‘We are All Islanders to Begin With’: The University of Chicago and the World in the Late Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries – October 30, 2007

Volume XVI. A Twentieth-century Cosmos: The New Plan and the Origins of General Education at Chicago – October 31, 2006

Volume XV. ‘Broad and Christian in the Fullest Sense’: William Rainey Harper and the University of Chicago – October 25, 2005

Volume XIII. The ‘Persistence to Keep Everlastingly at It’: Fund-raising and Philanthropy at Chicago in the Twentieth Century – October 26, 2004

Volume XII. Judson’s War and Hutchins’s Peace: The University of Chicago and War in the Twentieth Century – October 28, 2003

Volume X. Academic Freedom and the Modern University: The Experience of the University of Chicago – May 20, 2016

Volume VIII. The Organization of the College and the Divisions in the 1920s and 1930s – October 30, 2001

Volume VI. Building for a Long Future: The Role of the Trustees in the Early University – October 17, 2000

Volume IV. The University of Chicago in the 1960s and 1970s – October 19, 1999

Volume III. Continuity & Change: The College as a Sponsor of Research and Teaching – October 20, 1998

Volume II. Continuity & Change: The College as an Advocate of Curricular Innovation and Debate – October 21, 1997

Volume I. Continuity & Change: The College as a Member of the Wider University – October 22, 1996

"Drafting Salvation." University of Chicago Magazine (December 1995): 18–21.


—Appointed to Sixth Term as Dean of the College
—Completes a scholarly history of the University of Chicago.
—Awarded a doctorate honoris causa by the University of Vienna on the occasion of the university's 650th anniversary, at the Dies Honorum ceremony in Vienna on May 13, 2015.